Families

Groups

Endline

Midline

Hypotheses

Endline

Midline

Access to Utilities, Services & Infrastructure

Utilities

ллл

лл

Access to Clean Drinking Water

лл

лл

Access to Electricity

лл

 

Services

ллл

л

Access to Counseling Services for Women

ллл

ллл

Access to Education

лл

-

Health Outcomes and Availability of Health Services

лл

 

Infrastructure

 

 

Access to Irrigation

 

-

Village Accessibility and Villager Mobility

 

 

Development Needs

л

 

Fulfillment of Development Needs

л

 

Economic Activity

Perceptions

ллл

ллл

Perceptions of Local Economic Improvement

ллл

ллл

Stocks & Flows

 

лл

Security of Household Income

 

л

Household Consumption Expenditure

 

 

Household Assets

 

 

Borrowing for Food and Medical Needs

 

 

Food Security

 

 

Production & Marketing

 

 

Agricultural Productivity and Access to Markets

 

 

Non-Agricultural Productivity and Access to Markets

 

 

Migration

 

ллл

Net Migration of Households

л

лл

Net Migration of Household Members

 

-

Local Governance

Structure

ллл

ллл

Turnover in Village Leadership

 

 

Affiliation of Local Leaders with Representative Assemblies

 

ллл

Female Representation in Local Assemblies

ллл

ллл

Function

лл

ллл

Provision of Local Governance Services

 

л

Local Governance Activity of Leaders and Institutions

лл

ллл

Role of Representative Assemblies in Local Governance

 

ллл

Quality & Participation

 

ллл

Participation of Villagers in Local Governance

ллл

ллл

Perceptions of Local Governance Quality

лл

 

Informal Taxation of Villagers by Local Leaders

 

-

Preference for Assembly Involvement in Local Governance

 

лл

Political Attitudes & State-Building

Democratic Values

ллл

ллл

Acceptance of Democratic Norms of Governance

л

ллл

Participation in Parliamentary Elections / Knowledge of Parliament

лл

 

State Legitimacy

лл

ллл

Acceptance of Central Governance Authority

л

 

Linkages between Village and Government

 

ллл

Perceptions of Government

лл

ллл

Perceptions of Central Government

л

ллл

Perceptions of Sub-National Government

 

ллл

Perceptions of Allied Actors

 

ллл

Conflict

 

л

Violent Incidents

 

 

Informal Taxation by Insurgent Groups

 

-

Perceptions of Local Security

 

лл

Social Norms

Social Cohesion

 

 

Intra-Village Disputes and Resolution Rates

 

лл

Interpersonal Trust

 

лл

Basic Skills

 

ллл

Literacy and Computational Ability

 

ллл

Happiness

л

 

Happiness

л

 

Gender Attitudes

ллл

ллл

Acceptance of Female Political Participation

ллл

 

Acceptance of Female Economic and Social Participation

лл

 

Cultural Constraints on Education of Girls

 

 

Acceptance of Female Participation in Local Governance

ллл

лл

Gender Outcomes

лл

ллл

Female Involvement in Local Governance

ллл

ллл

Social Activity among Women

 

 

Female Mobility

 

ллл

Female Participation in Economic Activity and Household Decision-Making

 

 

Note: denotes beneficial impacts; adverse impacts; no evidence of impact; and Ц no data. ллл denotes statistical significance at 1 percent level; лл statistical significance at 5 percent level; and л statistical significance at 10 percent level. Grey shading (л) denotes a loss of a level of statistical significance if baseline values are controlled for. Blue and dark red shading (л,л) denotes a gain of statistical significance (for beneficial and adverse impacts, respectively) if baseline values are controlled for.